Computing and Networks
The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use. Started in 2006, Linux Mint is now the 4th most widely used home operating system behind Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS and Canonical's Ubuntu. Some of the reasons for the success of Linux Mint are:
It works out of the box, with full multimedia support and is extremely easy to use. It's both free of cost and open source. It's community-driven. Users are encouraged to send feedback to the project so that their ideas can be used to improve Linux Mint. Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it provides about 30,000 packages and one of the best software managers. It's safe and reliable. Thanks to a conservative approach to software updates, a unique Update Manager and the robustness of its Linux architecture, Linux Mint requires very little maintenance (no regressions, no anti-virus, no anti-spyware etc,).
Place Linux CD in CD or DVD Drive
Boot your machine and enter BIOS Setup (ESC, or F2, or DEL key)
Set the Bios option for Boot order of CD (DVD) first, then Hard Drive, etc.
Save and exit Bios setup.
Machine should boot to the linux install CD/DVD instead of the hard drive.
Once linux has loaded, you will have a choice of browsing through the linux OS for testing or to install linux.
Once linux install is chosen;
[Do install now]
Timezone choice [Continue]
Language choice [Continue]
A menu will provide choices based upon the current configuration of the machine; here you can decide if you want a clean linux install, install Linux along side of an existing Operating System, etc.
o Something else (Pick this choice, which allows you options on partitioning your hard drive.
Hard Drive partitioning info:
/dev/sda = first device (hard drive)
/dev/sdb = second device (hard drive, or CD/DVD Drive, or ?)
/dev/sda1 = first device, first partition (Where the system is normally placed)
/dev/sda2 = first device, second partition (Where the Linux Boot files are typically placed)
/dev/sda3 = first device, third partition (Where the Linux SWAP typically is assigned)
/dev/sda4 = first device, fourth partition (Where the Linux user's data files are placed.)
This instruction set assumes you will be formating the entire hard drive, IF you are installing Linux along side another operating system then they need to be modified to suit your current hard drive partitioning. That will change the partition ID numbers, so write down the current partition ID's to facilitate not using them for the Linux install.
1. First Linux partition (sda1 IF reformatting entire HD) should be about 30,000MB in size. You can get by with much less; depends on how many apps you add later. This partition will hold the Linux operating system. Use the "Ext4 Journaling" file system, check to format the partition, and assign the root [ / ] as the mounting point.
2. Second Linux partition (sda2 IF ..) should be about 300MB and will be used for the boot files. Use the "Ext4 Journaling" file system, check to format the partition, and assign [ /boot ] as the mounting point.
3. Third Linux partition (sda3 IF...) should be at least 3,000MB for the SWAP area. Two to three times the physcial RAM can be guide, no more than 9,000MB is necessary. Linux is very efficent with physical RAM.
4. Fourth Linux partiton (sda4 IF...) can be the rest of the hard drive that is unused. Use the "Ext4 Journaling" file system, check to format the partition, and assign [ /home ] as the mounting point. Your data files will be placed here, and thus away from the operating system. IF you have to reload the system, go through the same process BUT DO NOT FORMAT this partition this time. Your data files will then be still there, along with app settings.
Done with partitions
Install CD/DVD will complete the partitioning; and then start OS installation.
Your Name: First and last name, or ?
Your Computer's Name: Can be anthing.
Pick a Username: I use first name and a digit.
Pick a secure password, using upper and lower case alpha characters, some numbers, and at least one special character. WRITE IT DOWN! This password will be needed to do administration work even if you choose to login automatically.
Next a login choice is presented
Choose a password:
o Login Automatically
o Require Password (Recommended)
o Encrypt my home folder (author does not recommend for typical user )
Continue to test or Reboot Now = [Reboot]
Wait for install CD to be ejected, a message may appear stating a manual CD removal is necessary.
Remove CD and close CD tray.
Reboot should continue; IF not then push reboot button on machine.
Machine will boot to Linux, or a boot menu if you kept another OS on the machine.
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